Bodrum (formerly Budrum, previously Petronium, originally Halicarnassus) is a Turkish port in Muğla Province. It is on the Bodrum Peninsula, near the northwest entrance to the Gulf of Gökova, and faces the Greek island of Kos. Today, it is a center of tourism and yachting. It is the ancient Halicarnassus of Caria, renowned for the Mausoleum.
The town is very popular tourist resort for northern Europeans due to its attractive coastline and active night-life (Bodrum has been humorously referred to as the "Bedroom of Europe"}. It can safely be said that every year at least a few hundreds of thousands of tourists visit Bodrum.
Under the Persian Empire, it was nominally tha capital city of the satrapy of Caria; its location ensured the city enjoyed considerable autonomy.
In ancient times, it was known as Halicarnassus. Mausolus made the city his capital. When he died in 353 BC, his wife, Artemisia, employed the Greek architects Satyros and Pithios, and the sculptor Scopas to build a monument to him, the first Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The Knights of Rhodes built the castle of St. Peter starting in 1402. The castle and its town became known as Petronium, whence the modern name derives.
Suleiman the Magnificent took Petronium for the Ottomans in 1522.
(Requires additional information;450 years missing.)
By the mid-1980s, Bodrum became an important tourist resort in Turkey, along with Marmaris, Çeşme, Kuşadası, Antalya, and Alanya.